Dana Wheeles, “Testing NINES,” Literary & Linguistic Computing Volume 25, Issue 4 (December 2010): 393-403.

Amy Earhart, “Using NINES Collex in the Classroom,” ProfHacker (The Chronicle of Higher Education), 5 May, 2010.

Aurélia Chossegros, “Le Site à la loupe: NINES.“ l’Observatoire Critique, 5 April, 2007.

Dino Felluga, “Addressed to the NINES: The Victorian Archive and the Disappearance of the Book.Victorian Studies (Winter 2006): 305-19.

Kim Knight, “Collex“, Transliteracies Project, UCSB.

Jerome McGann, “Culture and Technology: The Way We Live Now, What is to Be Done?” (presented at the University of Chicago, 23 April 2004)

Jerome McGann, “Textonics: Literary and Cultural Studies in a Quantum World.” Richard W. Lyman Award Lecture, National Humanities Center: 3 October 2002.

Bethany Nowviskie, “A Scholar’s Guide to Research, Collaboration, and Publication in NINES.”Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net, n. 47 (August, 2007).

Bethany Nowviskie and Jerome McGann, NINES white paper (PDF, 124kb), 2005.



Semantic Web: ”An evolution of the World Wide Web in which information is machine processable (rather than being only human oriented), thus permitting browsers or other software agents to find, share, and combine information for us more easily.” (Wikipedia)

Folksonomy: ”An Internet-based information retrieval methodology consisting of collaboratively generated, open-ended labels that categorize content such as Web pages, online photographs, and Web links. A folksonomy is most notably contrasted from a taxonomy in that the authors of the labeling system are often the main users (and sometimes originators) of the content to which the labels are applied. The labels are commonly known as tags and the labeling process is called tagging.” (Wikipedia)

Patacriticism: Alfred Jarry called ‘pataphysics “the science of exceptions” and “the science of imaginary solutions.” ‘Patacriticsm is a scholarly and pedagogical derivative of Jarry’s late nineteenth-century initiative.

RDF (Resource Description Framework): A family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata model using XML, but which has come to be used as a general method of modeling knowledge through a variety of syntax formats (XML and non-XML). RDF puts information in a formal way that a machine can understand. The purpose of RDF is to provide an encoding and interpretation mechanism so that resources can be described in a way that particular software can understand it; in other words, so that software can access and use data that it otherwise couldn’t. (Wikipedia)

Faceted Classification/Browsing: A non-hierarchical means of expressing ontological relationships, providing multiple navigational paths to any one item of information. For instance, a restaurant guide can classify a restaurant by location, price, ratings, awards, ambience, and amenities. A user can navigate through any of these facets, combining them in any way to reach exactly the desired restaurant. In contrast to a folksonomy, the information in each of the facets can be organized into a hierarchy (for instance, the location facet could be divided by state, then cities, then neighborhoods). (Wikipedia)